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Bulletin Of Atomic Sciences Moves Doomsday Clock From 5 Minutes To 3 Minutes Due To Global Warming And Nuclear Proliferation

Bulletin Of Atomic Sciences Moves Doomsday Clock From 5 Minutes To 3 Minutes Due To Global Warming And Nuclear Proliferation

The Bulletin of Atomic Sciences has moved the Doomsday Clock from 5 minutes to 3 minutes to midnight due to global warming and nuclear proliferation. According to USA Today , “It is now three minutes to midnight,” said Kennette Benedict, the executive director and publisher of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists at a news conference in Washington, D.C. “The probability of global catastrophe is very high. This is about the end of civilization as we know it.” The clock hasn’t been at 3 minutes to midnight since 1984. The clock has only been closer to midnight once before, at two minutes to midnight in 1953 when the hydrogen bomb was first unveiled. The furthest from midnight it has ever been was in 1991, when the superpowers signed the nuclear non-proliferation treatety, putting the clock at 11:43. The Bulletin of Atomic Scientists was founded in 1945 by scientists who had previously worked on the Manhattan Project. The Doomsday Clock was invented in 1947 as a way to symbolize the probablity of the end of civilization, whereby midnight is a global catastrophe. “In 2015, unchecked climate change, global nuclear weapons modernizations and outsized nuclear weapons arsenals pose extraordinary and undeniable threats

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Oldest Fragment Of New Testament Found In Mummy Mask, Archaeologists Use Controversial Technique That Destroys Mask To Read Papyrus

Oldest Fragment Of New Testament Found In Mummy Mask

Archaeologists have found the oldest fragment of the new testament used to create the facial mask of an Egyptian mummy. While people generally imagine the resplendent death rituals of the pharohs, many poorer Egyptians were also mummified, and used scraps of reused papyrus to do so. This method is not without some controversey, as the death mask is destroyed in order to recover the documents.  Craig Evans , a professor of New Testament studies at Acadia Divinity College in Wolfville, Nova Scotia, and one of the scientists and scholars working on the project,  told Live Science that gospel text isn’t the only writing they’re finding: “We’re recovering ancient documents from the first, second and third centuries. Not just Christian documents, not just biblical documents, but classical Greek texts, business papers, various mundane papers, personal letters,” Evans told Live Science. The documents include philosophical texts and copies of stories by the Greek poet Homer. However, the contents of the papyrsus won’t be released for at least two years, leading many to wonder if the destruction of a somewhat common Egyptian antiquity for the sake of a rarer Christian one is justified.  CNN reports, ” The destruction of mummy masks, though legal, falls into

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Archaeologists Use New X Ray Method To Read Long Lost Ancient Writings Found Near Vesuvius

Many ancient writings have been lost to us through time and disaster, but now a disaster may return some of those writings to us. Archaeologists are using x-rays to decipher writings recovered from the base of Vesuvus, once thought to brittle to read. The scrolls are from the Herculaneum, a resort town near Pompeii that was also destroyed by Vesuvius. It contains the only classical library still standing, with almost 2,000 scrolls. There have been previous attempts to unroll the scrolls, but they proved too fragile, so scientists have simply been waiting for a better method. That method is called x-ray phase contrast tomography. Regular X-rays measure how much of the beam gets through different tissue, but this type of scan uses the slight distortions caused by the x-ray passing through a solid object to make a 3D model of the object. X-rays passing through an object are slightly distorted, or slowed down (a change in the “phase” of the light waves). NBC  news reports, “”The papyri have been burnt, so there is not a huge difference between the paper and the ink,” Mocella told Live Science. That made it impossible to decipher the words written in the documents. “I

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Hubble Telescope Takes Picture Of Aging Galaxy IC 335 From 60 Million Miles Away

The Hubble telescope has just discovered a new galaxy 60 million light years away. IC 335 as its called, is a lenticular galaxy, and is one of four galaxies in its galaxy group in the Fornax Galaxy Cluster. The stunning photo shared by NASA has since gone viral. According to NASA,  the “45,000 light-year-long galaxy could be classified as an SO type,” or lenticular galaxy, which typically have a thin stellar disk and a bulge and fall between a true spiral and an elliptical galaxy.  IC 335 is that it’s 45 000 light years long, and is part of an aging troupe of galaxies in the Fornax cluster. In NASA’s own words , ” These lenticular galaxies are an intermediate state in galaxy morphological classification schemes between true spiral and elliptical galaxies. They have a thin stellar disk and a bulge, like spiral galaxies, but in contrast to typical spiral galaxies they have used up most of the interstellar medium.” This means that there is not enough material to keep making stars for much longer, galaxies of these type are at the end of their lifespans so to speak. In the image, the disk of IC 335 appears edge-on from

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Scientists Find Evidence That Drought Caused Collapse Of Mayan Civilization From Sediment In Belize’s Blue Hole

The Mayan Civilization was one of the largest and most advanced ever to exist in the western hemisphere, reaching its zenith in the 6th century, after which it rapidly and mysteriously declined causing much debate among archaelogists. Now, research co-authored by Dr André Droxler from Rice University in Texas has found rock samples  and sediment inside Belize’s ‘Blue Hole’ that suggest drought caused the civilization’s decline.  Live Science reports , ” Minerals taken from Belize’s famous underwater cave, known as the Blue Hole, as well as lagoons nearby, show that an extreme drought occurred between A.D. 800 and A.D. 900, right when the Mayan civilization disintegrated. After the rains returned, the Mayans moved north – but they disappeared again a few centuries later, and that disappearance occurred at the same time as another dry spell, the sediments reveal.” The Mayan empire stretched from Guatemala and areas of Beliexe to the Yucatan Penisula, parts of Mexico, as well as areas of El Salvador and Honduras.  Today, five million people in the region still speak over 70 Mayan languages. The Daily Mail reports, ” Using oxygen isotope dating in 0.004-inch (0.1mm) increments along the length of the stalagmite, the scientists uncovered a physical

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NASA Captures Intense 2014 December Solar Flare, Powerful Enough To Cause Power Outages And GPS Disruptance [VIDEO]

NASA captured an intense solar flare on video, so powerful that it could cause power outages and disrupt GPS signals. According to the Telegraph,  Solar Dynamics Observatory, which watches the sun constantly, captured the solar flare on December 19. The flare was classified as an X1.8-class flare – X-class stands for the most intense flares, while the number provides more information about its strength. An X2 is twice as intense as an X1, an X3 is three times. The solar flare erupted in Active Region2242, an extremely active area of the sun, Science Times reports . The flare was so powerful, that it could have caused power outages on Earth, as well as disturb the atmosphere in the layer where GPS and communications signals travel, such as satellites. Specialists say that given the activity in the area more sun storms like this are likely to happen, though probably not as intense. Watch the video below! Science Times explains that a solar flare is a large energy release that can be equivalent to 160 trillion megatons of TNT (in comparison, the Hiroshima bomb was approximately three megatons). They’re triggered by intense activity in magnetic fields in sun spots. Solar flares can

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Large Carnivore Populations On The Rise In Europe, Bears And Wolves Seen In Areas Where They Were Extinct For Centuries

Wolves, bears and other large carnivores have been making a comeback in Europe acording to a new study published in Science . Despite the fact that Europe has half the land mass and double the population density of the United States the populations of wolves is nearly double. Especially in recent years populations have begun to recover. Guillaume Chapron, a professor at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences’ Grimsö Wildlife Research Station and author of the study, said strong regulation, cross border breeding, and human attitude to give place to wildlife in society have helped the animals to experience the resurgence. Chapron said, “We don’t have unspoiled, untouched areas. But what is interesting is, that does not mean we do not have carnivores. Au contraire; we have many carnivores”. The researchers of the study have gathered data from all over Europe, excluding areas of Ukraine, Russia and Belarus, studying populations of  Eurasian lynx, brown bears, gray wolves and wolverines. The researchers reported that with the exception of Denmark, Luxembourg, Belgium and Netherlands, every nation of Europe that was included in the study has a permanent and reproducing population of minimum one of the four large carnivores. Europe has about 17,000

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One Million Mummies Found In Ancient Egyptian Graveyard And Archaeologists Have No Idea Where They Came From

Archaelogists from Brigham Young University have been working on a massive Egyptian cemetery called Fag el-Gamous, which means “Way of the Water Buffalo” a title taken from a nearby road. While they have been working on the project for 30 years, new discoveries have recently attracted the attention of the scientific community. “We are fairly certain we have over a million burials within this cemetery. It’s large, and it’s dense,” project director Kerry Muhlestein said while presenting his findings to the Society For Study of Egyptian Antiquities Scholars Colloquium in Toronto last month, according to Live Science . The cemetary is proving something of a mystery, as there is no settlement nearby to sustain or require such a massive burial site. Most of the dead were placed there between the 1st and 7th century AD, 1,500 years ago during the Roman and Byzantine occupations of Egypt. The cemetary is filled not with royal mummies of popular imagination, but common people.  The people buried here were often laid to rest without grave goods , coffins, or organ removal typical of the more lavish tombs many have come to expect. I t was in fact the arid natural environment that mummified them, not

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NASA’s Curiosiry Rover Finds Methane On Mars Indicating Possibility Of Life

NASA’s Mars Rover Curiosity has just discovered methane, an organic molecule, on Mars. This is a potentially groundbreaking discovery as 95% of the methane on Earth comes from life. CNET  reports,”We think life began on Earth around 3.8 billion years ago, and our result shows that places on Mars had the same conditions at that time — liquid water, a warm environment, and organic matter,” said Caroline Freissinet of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. “So if life emerged on Earth in these conditions, why not on Mars as well?” While methane is usually made by life, there are natural processes that produce it, so this is not definitive proof of live, merely evidence that allows for its possibility. At this point NASA has not determined how much methane is on Mars, merely detecting its presence.  HNGN reports, “Ninety-five percent of methane on Earth comes from microbial organisms, so the suggestion seems valid. The source of the methane on Mars is still unknown, but possibly thought to be disturbed underground stores. “These are molecular cages of water-ice in which methane gas is trapped,” said Curiosity scientist Sushil Atreya. “From time to time, these could be destabilized, perhaps by

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Discovery Of Ancient DNA Reveals History Of Horse Domestication, Trading Genetic Diversity For Speed And Strength

Scientists from the National Academy of Sciences have annoucned that they have mapped the genome of the horse and learned much about the history of horse domestication. “Perhaps even more exciting as it represents the hallmark of animal domestication, we identify genes controlling animal behavior and the response to fear,” said study co-author Ludovic Orlando, “These genes could have been the key for turning wild animals into more docile domesticated forms.” Obviously this is a huge step to understanding human histroy, as the introdcution of the horse revolutionized trade and travel. Something many scientists suspect is part of the very begining of civilizations itself. At the very least larger groups of people could never have organized without communication through horseback. It was all made possible by 125 genes r elated to skeletal muscles, balance, coordination, and cardiac strength. These traits were specifically bred to make different breads of horses for chariots, plowing, and racing.  Genes active in the brain also underwent selection, especially areas linked to social behavior, learning, fear response, and agreeableness are all more abundant in domesticated horses. This process of discoving the genetic differences between domesticated and wild horses had some previous difficulties, as no living truly

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