News, One Hit Wonders, Science

Cancer Symptoms Hit Hard With Breakthrough Strategy for Aggressive Cancer

Cancer Symptoms Hit Hard With Breakthrough Strategy for Aggressive Cancer

Cancer Treatment: Bremachlorin (PDT) leads a new combination approach blends immunotherapy with Bremachlorin-photodynamic therapy for advanced cancer.   A laboratory study conducted at Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC) in the Netherlands found that immunotherapy can be efficiently combined with photodynamic therapy (PDT) to eradicate established tumors. The approach results in strong local tumor destruction and a robust systemic immune response against the disease.  “This study is the first step,” states Professor Ferry Ossendorp, the study’s principal investigator. “We are now preparing further preclinical studies with a goal toward achieving clinical acceptance in Western Europe.” Dr. Ossendorp spearheaded the study together with doctoral candidate Jan Willem Kleinovink of LUMC’s Department of Immunohematology and Blood Transfusion, in close collaboration with Dr. Clemens Lowik, now based at Erasmus University Medical Center in Rotterdam. The researchers focused on a combination of two established therapies, PDT and immunotherapy, in order to eradicate aggressive tumors. PDT entails the use of a special agent, or photosensitizer, along with oxygen and light, to trigger reactions that selectively destroy tumors and render tumors more vulnerable to the immune system. Immunotherapy actually includes a number of strategies aimed at further exploiting various parts and mechanisms of the immune system. “This combination

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News, One Hit Wonders, Science

Hurricane Linda Brings Heaviest September Rain To Los Angeles In More Than 30 Years

Hurricane Linda Brings Heaviest September Rain To Los Angeles In More Than 30 Years

The residual storms brought about by Hurricane Linda drenched Los Angeles in the heaviest September rain in more than 30 years. According to the Washington Post , 1.79 inches of rain had fallen at Los Angeles International Airport (LAX), through 10 a.m. local time. The previous record rainfall for September 15 at LAX was just 0.01 inches in 1982. The monthly average rainfall is just 0.24 inches. The previous wettest day of 2015 was a meager 0.69 inches from January 10. A flood advisory spanned all of Los Angeles County. “The rain will cause ponding of water on area roadways through the morning commute with local flooding of low lying areas and intersections,” the National Weather Service in Oxnard, Calif. warned. “Heavy downpours may cause minor mud and debris in and around recent burn areas.” While the unexpected rainfall has caused water rescues, floods, and power outages across Southern California, the average Angeleno is dealing with an unfamiliar feeling: getting wet. Joe Hartman, a 57-year-old from Ohio, told the Los Angeles Times that he is glad he decided not to drive through the train – as soon as there’s a drizzle, Angelenos forget how to drive, he said. “I thought

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News, One Hit Wonders, Science

Polar Vortex Part 2? ‘Godzilla’ El Niño May Bring The Northeast Winter Storms To Remember

Polar Vortex Part 2? ‘Godzilla’ El Niño May Bring The Northeast Winter Storms To Remember

Last week, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) said the world could be expecting one of the strongest El Niños in recorded history. Does this mean a “Godzilla” El Niño could bring a polar vortex part two to the Northeast? According to Slate.com , meteorologist Eric Holthaus predicts that the “further rounds of extreme cold air outbreaks” are likely for the northeast, but especially for the Southeast this winter. However, Holthaus writes that this year’s winter “almost certainly won’t be as cold as last year in the Northeast.” But don’t celebrate yet. The infamous Nor’easters will make an appearance, “bringing a return of heavy snowstorms.” Holthaus adds that the “Godzilla” El Niño – which will likely bring an increase of wintertime moisture along the East Coast – is a “recipe” for heavy snow, though temperature aren’t predicted to be as cold as the last two winters in New York. In other words: polar vortex part two? No. But there is sure to be a lot of snowfall this winter in the Northeast. According to Business Insider , this year, forecasters recorded sea surface temperatures more than 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees Celsius) above average across the east central Pacific

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News, One Hit Wonders, Science

Why Red Tuna Crabs Are Invading San Diego Beaches By The Thousands: A Sign Of El Nino?

Why Red Tuna Crabs Are Invading San Diego Beaches By The Thousands: A Sign Of El Nino?

The photos are striking: San Diego’s coastline from Ocean Beach to La Jolla covered in red from an invasion of small red tuna crabs, or pelagic red crabs. But why are they flocking to the beaches by the thousands? According to CNN , Linsey Sala, a museum scientist at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego, said that the red tuna crabs may have been crawling up San Diego’s beaches for the past few weeks due to warm water carrying the crustaceans from their usual home along the west coast of Baja California and the Gulf of California. “Typically such strandings of these species in large numbers are due to warm water intrusions,” Sala said. Daniel Pondella II, director of the Southern California Marine Institute, told the Pilot in January that the crab phenomenon “could just be a sign of the warm water we’re currently experiencing.” Additionally, some speculate that warm ocean currents from the tropical Pacific migrate farther north than usual in a growing El Nino event.  The crabs are 1 to 3 inches long and do not pose a threat to humans, the Los Angeles Times reports. “Once they are on the sand their life cycle has

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Study: Here’s Why Contact Lens Wearers Get Eye Infections More Often

Study: Here’s Why Contact Lens Wearers Get Eye Infections More Often

A new study by researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center may have found an interesting cause behind why contact lens wearers get certain eye infections more often than those that don’t wear contact lenses. “Our research clearly shows that putting a foreign object, such as a contact lens, on the eye is not a neutral act,” said senior study investigator and NYU Langone microbiologist Maria Gloria Dominguez-Bello, PhD. According to PRNewswire , in a study report on their work to be presented at the annual meeting of the American Society for Microbiology on May 31 in New Orleans, NYU Langone researchers say they have identified a diverse set of microorganisms in the eyes of daily contact lens wearers that resembles the group of microorganisms of eyelid skin more than the bacterial grouping typically found in the eyes of non-wearers. In other words, contact lens wearers’ eyes contain bacteria that more closely resembles that of eyelid skin. The NYU Langone team found that the eye surface, or conjunctiva, has surprisingly higher bacterial diversity than the skin directly beneath the eye. The conjunctiva in the eyes of the study’s nine contact lens wearers had three times the usual proportion of Methylobacterium, Lactobacillus,

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Movies, Science

Star War’s BB-8 droid patent revealed by Spanish fans that uses sensors (gyroscopes and accelerometers) to determine its position and dynamics.

Star War's BB-8 droid

Spanish experts say the robot, named BB-8, took to the stage at Star Wars Celebration convention in Anaheim, California, where it literally ran rings around the retro droid on its spherical body. It may look like CGI in the trailer, but the droid that will join R2-D2 in the forthcoming Star Wars film – The Force Awakens – is very much real. However, how BB-8 works has been shrouded in mystery – until now. Experts claim to have discovered a patent that shows exactly how the smart droid was able to be made as a real robot. JJ Abrams, the film’s director, confirmed that a real robot was used during filming, but did not reveal how it works. Now, Spanish fans claim to have found out its secret. They tracked down a patent given to Disney which, they say, reveals the secret of the rolling robot. The patent shows a ‘magnetic spherical balancing robot drive’ that the Spanish fans say looks ‘suspiciously similar to BB-8.’ The droids main body contains  ‘a drive system that always keeps a relative position with respect to the sphere,’ the website says.  ‘The system uses omni wheels to make the sphere roll in any direction. Each

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Did Google Street View Cameras Capture A Loch Ness Monster Sighting? [PHOTO]

Did Google Street View Cameras Capture A Loch Ness Monster Sighting? [PHOTO]

The Loch Ness Monster, affectionately known as “Nessie,” may seem like a far-fetched legend to many, but now Google has joined the search for the monster in the famous Scottish loch. Google launched Street View cameras above and below the waterline and found something strange – did Google capture a Loch Ness Monster sighting? Google used a diver to take the Street View Trekker underwater, while a camera attached to a boat took the photos above water. Within a week, Google’s Street View cameras had captured all the images across the Loch Ness. According to the Inquisitr , this marks the first time cameras went off the road. And one photo in particular appears to show something strange in the water. “We were surprised by this sighting too,” a Google spokesperson told the Telegraph Travel. “Is it a log, a bird or… the monster?!” This unidentified image “is about the size of a small raft and appears to poke above or float on top of the water,” a spokesperson for Google explained . While no one can say for sure if this truly is a Loch Ness Monster sighting, it is interesting that the infamous lake continues to breed photos

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Watch The Record-Breaking Total Lunar Eclipse This Saturday [VIDEO]: 1st Total Blood Moon Of 2015 To Last 5 Minutes Only

Watch The Record-Breaking Total Lunar Eclipse This Saturday [VIDEO]: 1st Total Blood Moon Of 2015 To Last 5 Minutes Only

This weekend will mark 2015’s very first total lunar eclipse, but viewers will have to time it just right, and it will also be this century’s shortest lunar eclipse so far. According to NASA, the total lunar eclipse will arrive on Saturday, April 4, and will only last approximately five minutes. Reportedly, the total lunar eclipse will begin around 7:58 a.m. EDT (4:58 a.m. PDT). “Total lunar eclipses, like the one we’re looking forward to on 4 April, are a slow, ethereal affair and, as usual, we’ll have cameras around the world bringing us live views,” said Slooh Community Observatory astronomer Will Gater according to Scientific American. “What better way to start the day than tuning in to watch this wonderful event.” You can check out a very informative video on the scientific reasons behind this 2015 total lunar eclipse below, brought to you by Space.com. “During the eclipse, the moon often looks reddish because sunlight has passed through Earth’s atmosphere, which filters out most of its blue light,” said  NASA officials in a statement. “This eerie, harmless effect has earned the tongue-in-cheek nickname ‘blood moon.’” Thanks to Slooh.com  and Space.com , there will be live stream of the lunar

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New Google Doodle Celebrates First Day of Spring As Winter Storm Ultima Brings Snow To The Northeast

New Google Doodle Celebrates First Day of Spring As Winter Storm Ultima Brings Snow To The Northeast

Today’s new Google Doodle celebrates the first day of spring with a colorful, floral animation. Unfortunately, today also marks the day Winter Storm Ultima will bring snow to the northeast. The new Google Doodle, which features blue, red, and yellow flowers popping up and blooming for a little bumblebee, celebrates the official first day of spring. This year’s vernal equinox, as it’s also called, lands on March 20.     As TIME wrote last year , the vernal equinox is when “earth’s axis is angled such that the world gets an equal amount of daylight and night,” signaling the start of spring in the Northern Hemisphere. Most of Europe and parts of northern Africa and Asia will also get to witness a special treat on the first day of spring: a partial solar eclipse. The Danish Faroe Islands and Norway’s Svalbard archipelago will get to catch a total eclipse. In parts of Europe, Google added an animated eclipse to their Doodle. You can also watch a streaming broadcast of the eclipse here . Meanwhile, stateside we are not so lucky. It may not feel like the first day of spring to those in the northeast, where Winter Storm Ultima is

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Scientists Discover Evidence In Ice Cap That Proves Conquistadors Caused First Mass Air Pollution With Silver Mines

Scientists Discover Evidence In Ice Cap That Proves Conquistadors Caused First Mass Air Pollution With Silver Mines

The Spanish conquest of the Incas is a sad chapter in history, one that has just gotten another gloomy footnote. By looking through the cores of ancient ice, scientists have determined that the first case of mass air pollution was caused by the silver mines of Spanish conquistadors. After the fall of the Inca in 1532, levels of pollution spiked until the revolution in the 1800’s.  The mountaintop mines of Potosí in Bolivia were the world’s richest silver source, and countless enslaved workers died removing it. VOA News reports, ” the sad conditions and fate of tens of thousands locals exploited in the silver mining operations during the colonial period,” Ohio State University environmental scientist Paolo Gabrielli said, ” Their work conditions must have been truly terrible. Many died because of the strenuous physical efforts but it was also not infrequent that underground mine galleries collapsed, burying and killing hundreds of people.” Though Silver was extracted by the Inca, it was primarily in open mines, removing veins high in silver content close to the surface. This all changed when the Spanish arrived and introduced a new refining proces that involved the pulverizing of silver ore into a powder, which released

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