According to Science Daily , the Zika virus is reportedly associated with brain diseases, especially with the autoimmune disorder. This focuses more on the brain’s myelin, similar to multiple sclerosis , a chronic disease that attacks the central nervous system. It says that contracting the Zika virus may show different signs and effects on the brain. In the research, it was found out that six people have developed neurologic symptoms and manifested the autoimmune disorder in their blood test and other medical examinations. These patients have also had fever followed by rashes while some had severe itching, red eyes, as well as muscle and joint pains. However, the neurological symptoms vary from person to person because some people develop these symptoms right away while others take up to 15 days. Out of the six people in the study, two had developed acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) while the rest tested positive of the Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). ADEM is characterized with swelling or inflammation of the brain and spinal cord that targets the myelin. This consists of a single attack which people recover from within six months. In the brain scan, it displayed a damage of the white matter of the brain.
News of a new vaccine to address high cholesterol levels may soon become another breakthrough for the medical scientific community. Though still in the early stages, the injectable vaccine being developed by researchers at the University of New Mexico and the National Institute of Health to prevent cholesterol build-up are showing great promise among mice and monkeys, according to Time . Based on a report published in the journal Vaccine, the vaccine is designed to attack a protein called PCSK9, which manager cholesterol levels in the blood. By interfering with PCSK9, the researchers were able to bring down the cholesterol levels in the blood of the lab animals. In fact, news of the latest test trails have shown that new vaccine reduced LDL levels (bad cholesterol) after being administered only once on the animal subjects. “One of the most exciting things about this new vaccine is it seems to be much more effective than statins alone,” the study’s author, Dr. Bryce Chackerian of the University of New Mexico, said in a statement. Millions of people are currently taking cholesterol-lowering drugs in order to prevent the onset of heart-related ailments. However, studies have shown that statins have negative side effects, which
Several reports claimed that there’s a looming turkey supply shortage this 2015 because of the bird flu crisis that was experienced earlier this year. As told in a report on WHDH.com , the bird flu problem last spring threatened the supply of staple holiday meat this year. They even cited statistics from the National Turkey Federation stating that about seven million turkeys were dead because of the bird flu in April. But according to National Turkey Federation official Keith Williams, the public have nothing to worry about when it came to the supply of the bird meat as all were already put in storage back in March, prior to the attack of the bird flu. “There will be plenty of turkey for Thanksgiving,” Keith Williams reiterated to Forbes . “The growing and marketing of turkey is handled specifically to meet the annual demand at Thanksgiving.” “Frozen turkeys were produced and placed in cold storage – flash frozen quality in March, before avian influenza in late April and May,” Keith Williams explained further amid the worry on Thanksgiving turkey shortage this 2015. “The last case of avian influenza was in June,” he added. “Frozen supplies continued to build throughout that time, because only a few
A new report reveals that being apple-shaped may be worse for you than a high BMI. Beware that beer belly! A new study published online Monday in the Annals of Internal Medicine found that among adults 18 to 90 across the BMI continuum, having an apple shape increased the risk of death, especially death from cardiovascular disease. Adults who were pear-shaped were less likely to die than those with similar BMIs who were apple-shaped. According to the Los Angeles Times, men and women in the study who were considered obese according to the BMI were more likely to die than those who were defined as a normal weight and those as overweight. However, in every group, waist-to-hip ratio trumped BMI as a predictor of risk of death. Herein lies the conundrum: some people are apple-shaped but have normal BMIs, leading them to a false sense of security regarding their health. This study suggests it’s not just about how much fat you carry, but where that fat is carried. The BMI measure “is not really telling you the whole story in individual patients,” said Mayo Clinic internal medicine specialist Dr. Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, the senior author of the study. “Chances are this
Researchers at New York University found that a decreasing number of consumers were noticing the calorie count information posted on fast-food menus, compared to 2008, when it became a requirement for restaurants to display the numbers on menu boards. “Our study suggests that menu labeling, in particular at fast-food restaurants, will not on its own lead to any lasting reductions in calories consumed,” said Dr. Brian Elbel, a researcher at NYU’s Langone Medical Center, in a press release . New York University researchers wanted to find out if posting calorie counts had an effect on consumers. According to UPI.com , researchers surveyed restaurant customers from four fast-food chains (McDonald’s, Wendy’s, KFC, and Burger King) in 2008 and found roughly half noticed the calorie counts and just one in 10 customers were influenced to opt for lower-calorie food. The new survey found that in 2013, 45 percent of respondents said they noticed the calorie counts, a six-point drop from 2008. Six months later, surveys showed 41 percent noticed them. In 2014, the percentage of consumers noticing calorie information dropped to 37 percent. “People are at least reading the information, some are even using it,” Elbel said. “Labels may yet work at
Have you bought ground beef recently? Here’s what you need to know about the massive USDA recall regarding ground beef from All American Meats. According to CNN Money, more than 160,000 pounds of ground beef processed by All American Meats in Omaha, Nebraska are being recalled due to potential E. coli contamination. Check that package of ground beef you just bought: Does it have a sell by date of Nov. 3? Does it have the establishment number “EST. 20420” on the USDA mark of inspection? Then it might be part of the recall. According to a press release from the USDA , the problem was discovered on Oct. 30 when a sample tested positive for the bacteria. “Consumers who have purchased these products are urged not to consume them,” the USDA stated. According to U.S. News , beef with the following labels should be thrown away or returned to the place of purchase: So far, there have been no confirmed reports of illness connected with the recall.
“Water on the knee” could be an early sign of Lyme disease. Spontaneous knee effusion, also known as “water on the knee,” can be a primary symptom of Lyme disease, even when patients do not exhibit a “bull’s eye” rash, another common Lyme disease symptom. According to a literature review appearing in the November issue of The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (JAAOS), early diagnosis and antibiotic treatment can prevent the development of Lyme disease’s more severe symptoms. “It is important to catch and treat Lyme disease early because the symptoms get progressively worse over time,” said Elizabeth Matzkin, MD, lead study author and assistant professor of orthopaedic surgery at Harvard Medical School. “However, the lab tests used to diagnose Lyme disease can take time to process, and there are certain circumstances in which immediate antibiotic treatment may be recommended before the lab results are complete.” If symptoms have been present for less than two weeks, the Lyme test may need to be repeated as the test can remain negative the first two weeks of an infection. Lyme borreliosis, or Lyme disease-the most common vector-borne illness transmitted by insects-is prevalent in the Northeast and upper Midwest regions
A dozen people hospitalized with shigella bacterial disease are in intensive cave, after dining at a seafood restaurant in San Jose, Calif. According to the Los Angeles Times , the number of patients who reported symptoms associated with the shigella bacterial infection now exceeds 100, county public health officials said. Twenty-four of those cases were confirmed to be shigellosis, an infectious diarrheal disease caused by a group of bacteria called shigella. The outbreak began over the weekend when customers reported feeling severely ill after eating at Mariscos San Juan Restaurant No. 3 in the 200 block of North 4th Street. Many patients who ate at the restaurant Friday or Saturday required hospitalization, and 12 needed intensive-care treatment. According to the report, the disease spreads when food or water has been handled by contaminated hands or an infected person. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also say produce contaminated by human sewage or by contaminated flies landing on food can also make people sick. Patients infected with shigella usually start to feel sick one to two days after they have been exposed. Symptoms of shigella include diarrhea, fever and abdominal pain. The sickness usually lasts between five and seven days,
For many, losing weight seems like the path to happiness and healthfulness. But a new study suggests people who undergo weight-loss surgery are more likely to commit suicide, especially if they have a history of mental health issues. According to the study from the Sunnybrook Research Institute at the University of Toronto, weight-loss surgery patients were about 50 percent more likely to try to commit suicide after they lost a lot of weight. More than nine of 10 suicide attempts involved patients with a history of mental health problems, the Canadian researchers found, according to the Wall Street Journal. Most of the attempts occurred between two and three years after the surgery, which the authors said brings attention to the need for longer follow-up counseling for the patients. “It’s often in the second and third year when the disappointment sets in, and in most cases, the follow-up has stopped,” said Donald Redelmeier, a professor of medicine at the University of Toronto and a co-author of the study, according to CBS News. “At that point, people often think there is nothing else they can do, and they give up hope. That’s what we’re trying to avoid.” The researchers studied hospital records
Is there a secret that skinny people aren’t telling us? Is it that they go to bed earlier than most? A new study from the University of California, Berkeley found that teenagers who have regular late bedtimes are especially susceptible to weight gain. Researchers at the Berkeley Sleep and Mood Research Clinic analyzed 3,300 teens’ and adults’ sleep schedules over five years for the study, according to MSN.com. They found that for every extra hour that teens stayed awake, they would gain about 2.1 points on their body mass index (BMI). The researchers also found that teens were still susceptible to weight gain if they stayed up late and slept in later the next day. In other words, if teens stayed up late, they were more likely to gain weight. “Obesity is obviously growing among adolescents and adults, and there’s also an epidemic of lack of sleep and later bedtime preference in teens,” the study’s lead author Lauren Asarnow, a doctoral candidate at the University of California, Berkeley, told CBS News . “There’s been some literature looking at the relationship [between] late bedtimes and weight gain cross-sectionally, but no one’s ever looked at what happens long-term.” According to News Max